An ecologically benign catalytic system consisting of superbase and saccharide was developed for CO2 chemical fixation with epoxides under metal-free and halide-free conditions. Because of the synergistic effect played by superbase and saccharide on the activations of CO2 and epoxide, the reaction could be performed with good activity and selectivity. A possible catalytic mechanism of the hydrogen-bonding of saccharide and activation of the carbon atom by 1,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene (DBU) was proposed. The process is a simple, biocompatible, and ecological route for CO2 chemical fixation into high-value chemicals.
Weiguo Cheng;Fei Xu;Jian Sun;Kun Dong;Congkai Ma;锁江 张