AIM: To compare the expression level of Fas gene and Bcl-2 gene in gastric cancer cells SGC7901 and gastric cancer multidrug resistant cells (MDR) SGC7901/ VCR, to transduce Fas cDNA and Bcl-2 antisense nucleic acid into SGC7901/ VCR cells respectively, and to observe the expression of two genes in transfectants and non-transfectants as well as their drug sensitivity. METHODS: Eukaryotic expression vector pBK-Fas cDNA and pDOR anti-Bcl2 were constructed and transfected into SGC7901/ VCR cells by lipofectamine, respectively. Northern blot and Western blot were used to detect the expression of mRNA and protein in SGC7901/ VCR and SGC7901 cells and transfectants, and drug sensitivity of transfectants for VCR, CDDP and 5-FU was analyzed with MTT assay. RESULTS: After gene transfection, 80 for Fas and 120 for antisense Bcl-2 drug-resistant clones were selected from 2 × 10 5 cells, transfection rate being 0.04% and 0.06%. Two clones of SGC7901 Fas/ VCR cells and SGC7901 anti Bcl-2/ VCR cells were randomly selected for further incubation. Hybridization results showed that the expression level of Fas mRNA and protein in SGC7901/ VCR cells was much lower, but that of Bcl-2 mRNA and protein was higher than that in SGC7901 cells. The expression of Fas mRNA and protein in SGC7901 Fas/ VCR cells was higher, and of Bcl-2 mRNA and protein was lower in SGC7901 anti Bcl-2/ VCR cells than that in non-transfectants. MTT assay showed that transfectants were more sensitive to VCR, CDDP, 5-FU than non-transfectants. CONCLUSION: Bcl-1 gene displayed high expression while Fas gene had low expression in drug resistant gastric cancer cells. Expression of Bcl-2 protein was effectively blocked in SGC7901 anti Bcl-2/ VCR cells by gene transfection. In contrast, the expression of Fas mRNA and protein in SGC7901 Fas/ VCR cells increased. Fas gene and Bcl-2 antisense nucleic acid transfection sensitized drug resistant gastric cancer cells to chemotherapeutic drugs. These results suggest cell apoptosis plays an important role in the mechanism of MDR, and enhancing apoptosis might reverse MDR.
Xiao Bing;Shi Yong-Quan;Zhao Yan-Qiu;You Han;Wang Zuo-You;Liu Xian-Ling;Yin Fang;Qiao Tai-Dong;Fan Dai-Ming
World Journal of Gastroenterology